As amended by the 2013 HIC General
The name of the Association is Habitat
International Coalition (HIC). The Association is registered in The Hague, The
1. HIC is dedicated to action for the
recognition, defence and full implementation of the right of everyone to a
secure place in which to live in peace and dignity, in all countries.
2. HIC defines ‘habitat’ as the set of
environmental and material conditions that permit the satisfaction of vital
needs and the survival of all species. ‘Human
habitat’ is additionally determined by the economic, social, cultural and
political factors that facilitate or limit the access of all people to the
goods and services that society produces. For the purpose of this Constitution,
‘habitat’ also means a place for everyone to live in peace and with dignity.
3. Specifically, HIC acts as an
international collective of civil society organizations, social movements and
individuals that mobilizes and advocates in defence, promotion and enforceability
of the human rights of homeless, evicted, displaced, landless and inadequately
housed people and communities, including those under occupation, in urban and
rural areas. HIC seeks to empower people and communities to improve their
conditions based on the principles, norms and standards of human rights, diversity,
gender equality, social production and environmental sustainability. HIC
promotes public awareness about habitat issues and serves as a platform for the
formulation of programs, policies and strategies for constituent social
movements and civil society organizations working to promote the human rights
to housing, land, and the city, and acts as their representative to public,
national, regional and international bodies and forums.
4. The Association aims to attain these
objectives by means of:
(a) Mobilizing and advocating, independently
or in co-operation, with other civil society entities, grassroots and popular
organizations, social movements, independent institutions, academic networks,
and activist platforms;
(b) Organizing forums, seminars and
conferences, lectures, public hearings, and exchange visits;
(c) Publishing statements, reports,
newsletters, and other studies and informative materials;
(d) Conducting research and fact-finding
missions to document violations and positive experiences;
(e) Supporting and strengthening networks
and promoting information exchanges among its Members and other civil society
(f) Conducting training, human rights education
and other activities to build capabilities of constituent Members and
(g) Any other activities compatible with
5. HIC is based on the principle of
decentralization of its activities to the different regions and countries of
6. The Association is a non-profit-making
Association has been established for an indefinite period.
1. HIC Members can be any civil society
organization –social movement, community-based, professional body, voluntary
agency, and research, scientific and educational institution– that shares HIC
objectives, and whose activities are concerned with one or more aspects of
2. Members are those entities referred to
under paragraph 1 of this Article that subscribe to and act in accordance with
the objectives of HIC as set out in Article 2 and have been accepted as such by
3. Members are those organizations/entities
of local, national, regional or international character that collaborate with
activities developed by HIC, and that make a contribution as determined by the
Board. Member organizations have the right to vote and to propose their Members
and collaborators for elected positions.
(a) When the Member ceases to exist;
(b) On termination by the Member, this
consists of notifying the Board in writing, by letter, email or other forms of
electronic communication, and giving four weeks’ notice;
(c) On termination or dismissal by HIC.
This can only occur when the Member acts in defiance of the Coalition’s
Constitution, objectives, by-laws or decisions. The Board decides the
termination or dismissal and informs the Member concerned in writing as soon as
possible with reasons given. The Member concerned may appeal to the General
Assembly within two months after receipt of the notification. The General
Assembly may reject the Board’s decision and reinstate the Member by a
two-thirds majority vote of the Members present in person or online at a duly
called General Assembly meeting with a quorum.
of Habitat International Coalition
HIC Friends are individuals who make a contribution
to the Coalition. They can attend meetings of the General Assembly but have no
HIC finances consist of contributions made by
Members and Friends, legacies, donations, financial resources administrated by
the General Secretariat, Reference Centres and Working Groups, and other
The Board is composed with a gender balance
and regional and generational diversity of the following:
1. The currently elected HIC President.
2. One elected Member from each approved and
active region of the Association, or additional Members should the Board adopt
policies establishing more Board positions for regions with a specified larger
number of Member organizations in HIC.
3. One invited Member from social movements,
in addition to any other Board Member who may represent a social movement.
4. One invited Member from women’s and/or
feminist movements, in addition to any other Board Member who may represent a
women’s and/or feminist movement.
5. One associated Member to be named by the
Board, representing discriminated groups and minorities.
All Board Members are elected or appointed for
a four-year term. Board Members shall not serve more than two consecutive terms.
Members of the Board are elected as follows:
1. The President is elected by the General
Assembly from among the Members of the Association.
2. Regional Members are elected through a
democratic process established in each region by the HIC Members located within
the region. All Members located within the region must be invited to participate
in the election process. Regional Members are persons active in HIC activities.
Each approved region elects one Member to the Board and one alternate of a different
3. Members from social and women’s and/or
feminist movements are designated by the Board from among a list of candidates proposed
by HIC Members in consultation with allied social and women’s and/or feminist movements.
Social and women’s and/or feminist movements invited to the Board include primarily
international or regional networks or alliances of community-based / social
organizations working for common objectives. Board Members of social and women’s
and/or feminist movements are from different regions
4. An associated Member may be named by the
Board to complement expertise, knowledge and areas of interest within the
Board. This Member may or may not be a HIC Member, but in any case acts within
the Board in accordance with HIC objectives. The selection of the associated
Member must consider the gender balance of the whole Board.
5. Board Members are elected as
representatives of their organizations, but act within their own individual
capacities to advance HIC objectives.
6. Regions must formulate their respective
procedures for the democratic election of their Board Members and must present
these procedures to the Board for its consideration and approval. Board Members
must also report on their actions/activities to those who elected or designated
7. The Board appoints a Vice-President from
among its Members, who is of the opposite gender of the President and who is from
a different region.
8. The Board appoints a Treasurer from
among its Members.
1. The Board manages HIC affairs.
2. A quorum for the transaction of business
is constituted by a simple majority of Board Members then in office, not
3. The Board meets at least once a year in
person and more often if it deems it necessary, which can be done either in
person or through electronic means (on-line).
The Board may decide to give a mandate to one or more of its Members to
represent HIC within the limits of that mandate.
5. The Board may appoint one or more Working
Group(s) to deal with a specific subject within the objectives of the
Association as stated in Article 2.
6. Board Members may act as proxy for all
matters placed before the Board, subject to any restrictions placed in the
letter appointing the proxy.
7. A Board Member may act as proxy for no
more than one other Member. A written authorization must be presented to the
President or General Secretary prior to the time of voting.
1. The General Assembly is a composite body
of all HIC Members and holds the highest authority in HIC. A General Assembly
meeting is convened at least once a year in person and more often if required,
either in person or through electronic means (on-line). A quorum for a General
Assembly meeting consists of a minimum of 20% of the then current Members,
providing that at least 10% of the Member organizations from a majority of the
then current regions approved by the Board are present in person or online. The
Board submits to this meeting its annual report and the annual financial
statements for approval, and provides an account of its management during the previous
year the Board Treasurer presents the audited financial statements referred to
in the previous paragraph to the Board and the General Assembly for their
1. The Board shall convene the annual General
Assembly meeting. The Board may convene General
Assembly meetings in person or on line whenever it deems desirable, or when subject
to Article 12.2 below.
2. At the written request of at least
one-fifth of the Membership, the Board is obliged to convene a meeting of the
General Assembly with notice of no less than four and no more than six weeks.
If this request is not complied with within the following two weeks, the
petitioners may themselves convene the meeting.
3. HIC Members are convened in writing to
the General Assembly at least four weeks prior to the date and eight weeks if
the agenda contains a proposal to change the Constitution or to dissolve the
Association. The communication contains the agenda of the meeting.
1. Every Member is entitled to one vote in
the General Assembly. In the case of absence from a General Assembly meeting, any
Member may appoint any other Member with a written proxy to vote on her/his
2. AII decisions, for which this
Constitution prescribes no larger majority, are taken by a simple majority of
the votes cast. In the event of a tie when a vote is taken on business, the
proposal is rejected. In the event of a tie when a vote is taken on persons, a
decision is taken by drawing lots. If in an election between two or more
persons, no one obtains an absolute majority, a second ballot is taken between
the two persons having obtained the most votes.
1. General Assembly and Board meetings are
chaired by the President. In his or her absence or if he or she considers it
convenient, the meetings are chaired by the Vice-President or by a person
nominated by the Board Members in attendance. The Board and General Assembly may
nominate a facilitator for their meetings.
2. The resolutions of General Assembly and
Board meetings are recorded in minutes kept by the General Secretary or a
person designated by him or her. The minutes are approved in the same meeting, or
the next meeting of the body concerned.
1. The General Secretary is in charge of the
day-to-day HIC business. He/she is accountable for his/her activities to the
2. He/she represents HIC in legal and other
3. He/she can originate from anywhere as
long as he/she "lives and works” in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the
Caribbean, or the Middle East and North Africa regions. The HIC General Secretariat
is located in one of these regions.
4. The Board is responsible for the
appointment and dismissal of the General Secretary.
5. The General Secretary, who is a HIC
employee, is designated for a period of three years. This period may be
extended at the discretion of the Board. The General Secretary cannot be
appointed for more than three terms.
6. The Board is annually responsible for
evaluating and deciding to maintain or remove the General Secretary.
1. The Board may designate one or more
Reference Centres to assist the General Secretary in promoting, managing,
facilitating and coordinating HIC activities, including the activities of one
or more Working Group(s), with dedicated staff or based on voluntary
collaboration. Reference Centres may have regional and/or thematic functions.
2. References Centres coordinate among
themselves, and operate in accordance with mechanisms that the Membership
establishes in consultation with the Board, Working Groups, and the General
Secretary, as reviewed and approved by the Board.
1. The Association encourages the formation
of national coalitions that link their community, local, and national
activities to the international HIC activities. National coalitions may include
HIC Members and others, and adopt the organizational structure which they
determine most appropriate.
2. National coalitions do not constitute chapters
of the Association, nor do they use the name of Habitat International Coalition
(HIC) within their title, nor do they form part of the formal structure of the
1. Working Groups are made up of those HIC Members
interested in participating in programmes of strategic action focused on
2. The Board may establish and approve a
Working Group within an area of HIC strategic importance, with a plan of action
approved by the Board.
3. Each Working Group is coordinated by a person
designated by its Members.
of the Constitution
1. A revision of the Constitution can take
place only by a decision of the General Assembly. When a revision of the
Constitution is proposed, it must be stated in the call to convene the General
2. When a revision of the Constitution is
proposed, the notice to convene the General Assembly must include a verbatim
copy of the proposed changes to the Constitution. In addition, the HIC General Secretary
must ensure that the proposal be open to public inspection through electronic
3. A revision of the Constitution can only
be approved by the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority of HIC Members present
in person or online and voting at a duly constituted General Assembly meeting
with a quorum.
1. The procedure referred to in Article 19 also
applies to a decision of the General Assembly to dissolve the Association.
2. Following any decision under the preceding
paragraph, the General Assembly decides on the disposal of the balance of funds
and assets in conformity with the HIC objectives.
3. Unless the General Assembly decides
otherwise, the Board shall carry out the liquidation.
1. The General Assembly may decide upon one
or more by-laws on matters that missing or are not exhaustively provided for in
2. A by-Iaw may not contain Articles
incompatible with the laws of the country where the seat of the Association is
located or with this Constitution.
3. A revision of the by-laws can only be
approved by the General Assembly by a simple majority of HIC Members present in
person or online and voting at a duly constituted General Assembly meeting with